対「北」議長声明 これで核実験阻止できるのか

The Yomiuri Shimbun (Apr. 18, 2012)
UNSC presidential statement not enough to deter DPRK
対「北」議長声明 これで核実験阻止できるのか(4月17日付・読売社説)

U.N. Security Council discussions on North Korea's failed launch of a ballistic missile ended with the adoption of a presidential statement strongly condemning Pyongyang, and recognizing the launch as a serious violation of U.N. resolutions.

The presidential statement demanded that North Korea refrain from launching another missile or carrying out a new nuclear test. The council warned it would take appropriate actions if Pyongyang rejected the council's demands. The statement also urged other U.N. members to fully enforce existing sanctions based on Security Council resolutions against North Korea.

When Pyongyang launched a ballistic missile three years ago, claiming like the latest launch that it was a rocket carrying a satellite, the Security Council also issued a presidential statement condemning North Korea.

Although the new presidential statement is stronger than the one adopted in 2009, we are dissatisfied because it is not a binding resolution.

China, a permanent member of the Security Council, remains cautious about applying strong pressure on North Korea. It is also concerned that too much pressure might destabilize China's own security.


U.S.-China compromise

Apparently that was why Beijing secured a compromise with Washington to issue a presidential statement that was strong in substance but lacked binding power.

We highly doubt the presidential statement will stop North Korea from carrying out a third nuclear test or new missile launch.

Whenever North Korea has launched a missile or conducted a nuclear test in the past, the Security Council has issued a presidential statement or a resolution condemning that country and demanding it halt such actions.

However, the Security Council has never taken any military measures or imposed full-fledged economic sanctions.

North Korea probably feels no effect at all from past measures.

Pyongyang has defied U.N. resolutions again to launch a missile. This proves existing resolutions lack teeth.

Japan sees a growing threat from North Korea's missiles and nuclear arms every day.

A focal point is the reaction of China, which shares a border with North Korea and is the country's close ally and its biggest trading partner. China should be aware of its own responsibility and more strictly enforce embargoes against Pyongyang, including those on materials related to nuclear arms and missiles, and luxury items. Beijing also should improve its cargo inspections to check for embargoed goods.


N-arms or economic growth

After the failed "satellite" launch, North Korea's state media announced that Kim Jong Un, first secretary of the Korean Workers' Party, had been appointed first chairman of the National Defense Commission, a newly created position. He now holds supreme power in his country.

In a military parade Sunday, North Korea showed off a variety of weapons, including Rodong medium-range ballistic missiles that can reach Japan.

In a speech on the occasion, Kim declared that his father's "military first" policy would continue. He emphasized that the dignity of the Korean people and sovereignty of the nation are more important than peace, which is necessary for economic construction.

This apparently means the development of nuclear weapons and long-range missiles will continue.

However, nuclear and missile development are not compatible with economic rehabilitation. The international community must make Kim Jong Un understand this.

(From The Yomiuri Shimbun, April 17, 2012)
(2012年4月17日01時49分 読売新聞)

0 件のコメント: